Service development accounts for an even smaller share of European R&D investments than we may think
|Collection Location||Koleksi E-book & E-Journal Perpustakaan Pusat Unila|
|Edition||Online First Articles|
|Subject(s)||Business and Management
|Abstract/Notes||Abstract In academic research on private R&D investments, sectoral differences are generally analyzed on the basis of ﬁrms’ classiﬁcation according to systems such as the American NAICS and the European NACE industry classiﬁcation systems. The same classiﬁcation principles are applied in many countries and regions when aggregating R&D statistics to the level of industries, for example by the EU’s statistical ofﬁce Eurostat. We report evidence suggesting that the share of R&D associated with development of serviceoriented products or with service activities is systematically lower than the share of R&D conducted by service sector ﬁrms. Results from a survey run in Sweden shows that the revenue streams in a signiﬁcant share of R&D-performing service sector ﬁrms (as classiﬁed according to NACE) are dominated by sales of physical products (e.g. factoryless goods producers). An even larger share report that a majority of their R&D is directed towards development of physical products rather than service products (e.g. consultancy companies acting as external R&D departments for their clients in manufacturing industries). These ﬁndings imply that the share of R&D investments focusing on serviceoriented activities is even lower than traditional statistics suggest.
Keywords R&D Service sector Service development Manufacturing National statistics BRDIS
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