Industrial Relations in the “Golden Age” in the UK and the USA, 1945 to 1980

Collection Location Koleksi E-book & E-Journal Perpustakaan Pusat Unila
Edition
Call Number
ISBN/ISSN
Author(s) Phillips, Jim
Subject(s) INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
Classification NONE
Series Title
GMD E-Book
Language English
Publisher Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publishing Year 2019
Publishing Place Switzerland
Collation
Abstract/Notes The dominant interpretation of industrial relations in the UK and USA from 1945
to 1980 emphasizes the “power” of trade unions and manual workers, which
narrowed the agency of employers and managers. This involves a linear “rise and
fall” narrative, where stable economic growth provided trade unions with an
advantage which they exploited and then squandered. Such narrative is shown
in this chapter to be inaccurate. Many workers encountered substantial reversals
in the 1950s and 1960s. The 1970s, by comparison, often characterized as beset
by industrial and social chaos, was for many workers a decade of progress.
Labor’s bargaining power was constrained by deindustrialization from the late
1950s onward. The linear narrative of general improvement is further qualified by
the experiences of female and ethnic minority employees, who struggled to secure
justice in the workplace. Class also remained a key fault line. Collective
bargaining was retarded in most manual and many white-collar settings by
employer objections to sharing control over the organization of work. Business
power, not union power, was the chief characteristic of industrial relations in both
the USA and the UK from 1945 to 1980.
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