Aerobic vaginitis in late pregnancy and outcomes of pregnancy

Collection Location Koleksi E-book & E-Journal Perpustakaan Pusat Unila
Edition Vol. 38, Issue 2
Call Number
ISBN/ISSN 1435-4373
Author(s) Cha Han...[et al.]
Subject(s) Biomedicine
Classification NONE
Series Title
GMD E-Journal
Language English
Publisher Springer
Publishing Year 2019
Publishing Place Switzerland
Abstract/Notes Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors and pregnancy outcomes for aerobic vaginitis (AV) in late pregnancy.
A total of 624 pregnant women who were treated in the perinatal unit at Tianjin Medical University General Hospital and 365
nonpregnant women who were evaluated at a health management center from January 2015 to June 2016 were recruited for this
case-control study. A questionnaire covering personal hygiene habits and sociodemographic factors was administered to pregnant
women to analyze risk factors for AV. Bacterial vaginosis, AV, vulvovaginal candidiasis, and Trichomonas vaginitis were scored
according to standardized definitions. Pregnancy outcomes were followed up and recorded. The chi-square test and univariate
and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used for statistical evaluation. The prevalence of vaginal infection in pregnant
and nonpregnant women were 27.9% and 15.3%, respectively (P < 0.05). AV was identified more frequently in pregnant women
than in nonpregnant women (4.2% vs. 1.4%; P < 0.05). A history of vaginal infection within 1 year (odds ratio [OR] = 3.219,
95% confidence interval [CI] 1.103–9.346) and external hemorrhoids (OR = 11.233, 95% CI 4.647–27.155) were independent
risk factors for AV during pregnancy. A higher incidence of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) was significantly
associated with AV (P < 0.05). AV is common in late pregnancy. Clinicians should pay more attention to vaginal microbiota
evaluations during pregnancy.
Keywords Pregnancy . Vaginal microbiota . Aerobic vaginitis . Prevalence . Pretermbirth
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