Management in Antiquity: Part 2 – Success and Failure in the Hellenic and Roman Worlds and Failu

Collection Location Koleksi E-book & E-Journal Perpustakaan Pusat Unila
Edition
Call Number
ISBN/ISSN
Author(s) Bowden, Bradley
Subject(s) TECHNOLOGY SLAVERY
Classification NONE
Series Title
GMD E-Book
Language English
Publisher Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publishing Year 2019
Publishing Place Switzerland
Collation
Abstract/Notes In this second chapter on management in antiquity, we focus on the economic and
managerial success and failure of Greece, the Hellenic world, and Rome. As in
the first chapter, we argue that, in the final analysis, these societies were managerial
failures. Greece and Rome proved only marginally more successful than
ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in breaking the bonds imposed by a preindustrial
economy. Many of the basic technological attributes that characterized Medieval
Europe – cast iron, crop rotation, the wheeled plough, windmills – were conspicuous
by their absence. In Rome, notable achievements in construction (aqueducts,
sewers, roads, concrete) were not matched by productivity-enhancing in either
agriculture or manufacturing. In the western Roman Empire, the most significant
economic development – which did temporarily improve rural per capita output –
was the slave-operated latifundia, an institution founded in suffering and misery.
As time went on, Rome failed to even maintain the mining output necessary to
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