Pre-colonial Africa: Diversity in Organization and Management of Economy and Society

Collection Location Koleksi E-book & E-Journal Perpustakaan Pusat Unila
Call Number
Author(s) Verhoef, Grietjie
Classification NONE
Series Title
GMD E-Book
Language English
Publisher Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publishing Year 2019
Publishing Place Switzerland
Abstract/Notes Management was integral to state organization, traditional hierarchical stratification
of authority, and ownership of resources in Africa. The history of dynamic
state formation, challenge of authority and conquest in Africa. Limited separation
existed between state and commercial activity. Islam expanded and conquered
indigenous empires, while some indigenous peoples converted to Islam. Traditional
management was integral to state management. In some geographical
locations, the monarch allowed private enterprise and decentralized management
of commerce. In West Africa, more decentralized commercial management
occurred, while in East Africa Muslim traders controlled trade routes. This
chapter shows how state formation and business management develop in parallel
trajectories before colonial intervention. Limited organizational structures
emerged as distinct managerial in origin. This chapter illustrates diversity of
management culture and sophistication before the late nineteenth century
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